Travel restrictions: Global health laws must reflect the evidence

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During the early stages of the pandemic, governments around the world ignored World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines and imposed travel restrictions. These public health measures have imposed various national and international travel restrictions. It was enacted for domestic political reasons without neglecting public health concerns and thus divided the world. All of these have undermined national efforts to prevent and respond to global health emergencies.

The travel bans imposed in response to the Omicron variant show the often detrimental effects of such decisions on low- and middle-income countries. They have restricted travel to and from South Africa, in some cases targeting other southern African countries, ignoring WHO guidelines and updated evidence of the spread of the well-known variant. beyond the targeted countries.

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The mixed public health outcomes of the pandemic call into question the obligations of the International Health Regulations (IHR) (2005) in light of evolving public health knowledge. Accordingly, the IHR seeks to frame public health responses without disrupting international traffic.

Travel restrictions should be based on scientific principles and WHO guidelines. RSI assessments need evidence to know when to restrict movement. While strengthening WHO guidelines to reflect epidemiological data, promote health equity and support global cooperation, revisions to the IHR (2005) should allow flexibility in implementing travel restrictions based on evidence.

The necessity and proportionality of various travel restrictions and standards in national contexts requires further research.

Inflammation is a natural defense against infection, injury and disease. Interestingly, you can support your body’s natural anti-inflammatory response and restore your immune system’s natural balance by controlling your diet and lifestyle. Certain foods can help boost immunity and fight inflammation in the brain.

A healthy brain needs omega-3 fatty acids. As a general rule, oily fish contain these fatty acids, but choose wild fish over farmed ones. Avocados contain monounsaturated fats which are good for the brain and heart. It also contains vitamin E which strengthens the immune system, protects brain cells and keeps the immune system healthy. Cacao, the raw form of chocolate, contains brain-protecting antioxidants and anti-inflammatory flavanols.

However, spinach is a nutrient-dense food that improves brain health and slows the aging process. Kale and leafy kale are also rich in vitamin K and fight inflammation in the brain. Walnuts are rich in antioxidants and vitamin E.

Dementia and other inflammation-related brain conditions like Alzheimer’s disease have been linked to moderate caffeine consumption (no more than two cups per day). Water and daily exercise also help reduce long-term brain inflammation. Exercise improves blood flow to the brain and keeps it hydrated.

Rest and stress management are also important for a healthy immune system. Bite a little manageable and improve your ability to make and sustain changes.

The editorial is compiled by Amit Sarker, Department of Pharmacy, Primeasia University, Dhaka.

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